The Ultimate Roth IRA Guide

What is a Roth IRA?

A Roth IRA is an individual retirement account that helps you save and investment for retirement. A Roth IRA is funded with after-tax dollars, which means that you have already paid taxes on the cash that you contribute. The good news is that the earnings from your Roth IRA investments grow tax free, even if you make a profit. You can use the cash that you contribute to your Roth IRA to invest in stocks, bonds, mutual funds, ETFs and other investments.

When you retire, you can withdraw these funds tax-free to help fund your retirement.This means that you will never owe any capital gains taxes on your Roth IRA investments, nor will you dividends be taxed. A Roth IRA makes sense if you think your tax rate in the year of your Roth IRA contribution is lower than the tax rate in the year of your tax withdrawal.

Where is the best place to open a Roth IRA?

The decision where to open a Roth IRA is an easy one. Plus, the process of how to open a Roth IRA is simple. You can open a Roth IRA retirement account online in minutes. To open a Roth IRA that you plan to manage yourself, you can choose from the best online brokers to set up a Roth IRA. If you want your Roth IRA investment to be managed by someone, you can choose from the best robo-advisors to provide an automated portfolio service that uses computer algorithms to invest in low-cost investments.

If you want to know how to open a Roth IRA, it is simple. Once you choose your Roth IRA brokerage, you will be asked to enter basic contact information, including your social security number.Then, you will fund your account through a wire transfer, check or bank transfer.

How is a Roth IRA different than a Traditional IRA?

There are several differences than a Traditional IRA.

There are two main types of IRAs: a Traditional IRA and a Roth IRA. The main difference between a Traditional IRA and Roth IRA are the tax benefits.

  • Traditional IRA: A Traditional IRA is the most popular form of IRA. When people ask “what is an IRA account,” this is the IRA retirement account of which they think. With a Traditional IRA, you contribute money each year that is tax deductible in your year of contribution. A Traditional IRA investment can grow tax deferred, meaning you do not pay taxes when you sell your Traditional IRA investment for a profit. Rather, you pay taxes in retirement when you withdraw those funds. Therefore, a Traditional IRA makes most sense if you believe your tax rate is higher in the year you contribute to your Traditional IRA than it will be in retirement when you withdraw those funds
  • Roth IRA: With a Roth IRA, you contribute funds on an after-tax basis. This means that you do not receive a tax deduction in the year of your contribution. The benefit of a Roth IRA is that you do not pay any taxes when you withdraw your retirement funds, and you can enjoy the profits of your IRA investment tax-free. A Roth IRA makes sense if you have a lower tax rate now than you will in the future. Roth IRA retirement accounts are not available to everyone, and are limited by your annual income.

What are the advantages of a Roth IRA?

When it comes to understanding what is a Roth IRA, it is helpful to understand all the benefits of a Roth IRA. Here are some of the top benefits of a Roth IRA:

  • Save For Retirement: Ability to save for retirement and supplement retirement income
  • Tax Benefits: Ability to take advantage of tax benefits, including tax-free growth
  • No Mandatory Withdrawals: Unlike a Traditional IRA, there are no mandatory withdrawals from a Roth IRA.
  • Ability To Contribute Regardless of Age: Unlike a Traditional IRA, you can contribute to a Roth IRA at any age, even if you are retired.
  • Ability to Withdraw Contributions: Since you already paid taxes on your contributions, you can withdraw them anytime with no penalty or tax implications.
  • More Investment Options: With a Roth IRA, you have more flexibility than employer-sponsored investment options
  • Estate Planning: You can pass your Roth IRA investment account to your heirs.
  • Bankruptcy Protection: Your contributions to your Roth IRA are shielded from creditors.

You should aim to contribute the maximum amount permitted by law to your Roth IRA each year. As you come closer to our retirement, you may want to adjust your Roth IRA investment choices to reflect your personal and financial preferences, goals and risk profile.

How much can you contribute to a Roth IRA?

Unlike a Traditional IRA, not everyone can contribute to a Roth IRA, however. First, either you or spouse need to earn income to be able to contribute to a Roth IRA. Therefore, if your only earnings are from investments or dividends, you may not be able to contribute to a Roth IRA.
Second, there are income limitations based on your modified adjusted gross income that are set by the Internal Revenue Service, or IRS. These income thresholds – and the amount you can contribute to your Roth IRA – may change annually.

2018 Roth IRA Income Limits

Filing Status Income Limit Contribution Limit
Married Filing Jointly < $189,000 $5,500 (or $6,500 if age 50 or older)
$189,000 – $198,999 Begins to phase out
$199,000+ Not eligible
Married Filing Separately $0 $5,500 (or $6,500 if age 50 or older)
$1 – $9,999 Begins to phase out
Single < $120,000 $5,500 (or $6,500 if age 50 or older)
$120,000 – $134,999 Begins to phase out
$135,000+  Not eligible

How do I withdraw money from my Roth IRA?

Roth IRAs are more flexible than Traditional IRAs when it comes to withdrawing money. The goods news is that you can withdraw from your Roth IRA any time, for any reason and with no penalty. However, if you withdraw any earnings before age 59 ½, you will be penalized, unless it is for a qualifying reason.


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